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Auroville


Auroville
Auroville is a universal township in the making for a population of up to 50,000 people from around the world. Auroville is located in south India, mostly in the State of Tamil Nadu (some parts are in the State of Pondicherry), a few kilometers inland from the Coromandel Coast, approx 160 kms south of Chennai and 10 kms north of the town of Pondicherry.The Auroville is an ideal township devoted to an experiment in human unity, came to the Mother as early as the 1930s. In the mid 1960s the Sri Aurobindo Society in Pondicherry proposed to her that such a township should be started. She gave her blessings. The concept was then put before the Govt. of India, who gave their backing and took it to the
General Assembly of UNESCO.   In 1966 UNESCO passed a unanimous resolution commending it as a project of importance to the future of humanity, there by giving their full encouragement. The purpose of Auroville is to realise human unity in diversity. Today Auroville is recognized as the first and only internationally endorsed ongoing experiment in human unity and transformation of consciousness, also concerned with and practically researching into sustainable living and the future cultural, environmental, social and spiritual needs of mankind. The Aurovilians are come from some 35 nations, from all age groups (from infancy to over eighty, averagingaround 30), from all social classes,

backgrounds and cultures, representing humanity as a whole.

Overview of the city plan:
Peace Area:
At the centre of the township lies the Peace Area, comprising the Matrimandir and its gardens, the amphitheatre with the Urn of Human Unity that contains the soil of 121 nations and 23 Indian states
, and a lake to help create an atmosphere of calm and serenity and to serve as a groundwater recharge area.
Industrial Zone: A 109-hectare area to the north of the Peace Area, the Industrial Zone, a zone for "green" industries, is focused on Auroville's efforts towards a self-supporting township. It will contain small and medium-scale industries, training centre’s, arts and crafts, and the city's administration.
Residential Zone: The largest of the four city zones, comprising of 189 hectares, the Residential Zone is bordered by parks on the north, south and west. Main access to the zone will be through the crown road with further traffic distribution via five radial roads that divide the zone into sectors of increasing densities. This zone wants to provide a well-adjusted
habitat between individual and collective living. 55% of the area will be green and only 45% built surface, there by creating an urban density balanced by nature.
International Zone: The International Zone, a zone of 74 hectares
to the west of the Peace Area, will host national and cultural pavilions, grouped by continents. Its central focus is to create a living demonstration of human unity in diversity through the expression of the genius and contribution of each nation to humanity.
Cultural Zone: Planned on a 93-hectare area, situated to the east of the Peace Area, the Cultural Zone will be a site for applied research in
education and artistic expression. Facilities for cultural, educational, art and sports activities will be located in this zone.
Green Belt:
The city area with a radius of 1.25 km. will be surrounded by a Green Belt of 1.25 km width. As a zone for organic farms, dairies, orchards, forests, and wildlife areas, this belt will act as a barrier against urban encroachment, provide a variety of habitats for wildlife, and serve as a source for food, timber, medicines etc. and as a place for recreation. Presently an area of 405 hectares, the Green Belt though incomplete stands as an example of successful transformation of wasteland into a vibrant eco-system. Its further planned extension with an additional 800 hectares
will make it into a remarkable demonstration site for soil and water conservation, ground water recharge, and environmental restoration. As lungs for the entire township, it will complete the healing process that Auroville started several decades ago.

Pondicherry

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